Project Description

The main objectives of this project were to:

  1. To develop methods to isolate the OSPW-inorganic fraction (IF) and OSPW-organic fraction (OF);
  2. To investigate the immunotoxicological effects of acute OSPW-IF and OSPW-OF exposures alone or in combination in vitro using a mammalian macrophage immune cell line; and
  3. To establish bioactive profiles for OSPW before and after treatment using solar-activated zinc oxide photocatalytic oxidation or electro-oxidation, and to perform water quality assessments on each sample (i.e., NA quantification and profiling).